VENUE: NEW AFRICA HOTEL
PLACE: DAR ES SALAAM, TANZANIA
DURATION: TWO (2) DAYS
DATE: 27th-28th, APRIL, 2017
- Accountability literacy
- Types of Accountability
- Significances of Accountability
- Marginalized groups-“Leave no one behind workshop”
The session started with Accountability literacy in which it was defined the acknowledgment of responsibility for actions and decisions, and encompassing the obligation to report, explain and be answerable for resulting consequences. Types of accountability was another part which was described, it comprises horizontal and vertical accountability. Horizontal accountability takes place when institutions such as parliament and the judiciary call into question, and eventually punish, improper ways of discharging the responsibilities of a given official.
Vertical accountability is the means through which citizens, mass media and civil society seek to enforce standards of good performance on officials. The significance of accountability was also discussed that is ensuring the government officials are performing to their full potential, imparting confidence in the government and being responsive to the community they are meant to be serving.
Three groups were formed to represent the people, Government, and Civil Society Organisations so as to get a clear picture on how to hold each other accountable. During this exercise, the participants were able to ask questions and raise their comments and recommendations concerning accountability situation in Tanzania.
Leaving no one behind workshop was also discussed mainly on the “marginalized group” who are likely to be left behind, the participants mentioned the key groups to include women, persons with disabilities, ethnic minorities, etc. During the discussion an issue arose that within these groups, there are further sub groups found within the marginalized group, for instance, it’s not enough to mention just women, because some are dumb, deaf, resides in rural areas and the same case to other marginalized group.
- A background on the status of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
- The state of national sexual and reproductive health and rights into the contexts of Agenda 2030, ICPD, and National Development Plans
- Thematic linkages between the 2030 Agenda and the ICPD and other African Health policies including Maputo Plan of Action 2016-2030
- Lesson learned from Participants
A background on the status of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights at national level was explained with particular reference to national statistics including maternal mortality, infant mortality, access to family planning services and other sexual and reproductive health services. It was observed that most of African countries have the problems though differ in terms of the magnitude.
Some of the specific areas that sexual and reproductive health and rights cover are adolescent and ageing sexual and reproductive health family planning and access to contraceptive services and supplies counseling and treatment related to sexual coercion and violence and other harmful practices.
Thematic linkages between the 2030 Agenda and the ICPD and other African Health policies including Maputo Plan of Action 2016-2030 in which there was huge relation of sexual and reproductive health and rights mainly on ensuring universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights though, the Maputo Plan of Action goes deeper by addressing the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents and youth as a key SRHR component.
It was further observed that the sexual and reproductive health and rights has direct relation with SDG’s goal number 3 and 5 which centered on good health and wellbeing and gender equality respectively. Goal 3 indicator 3.8 “Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.”
Goal 5 indicator 5.6“Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences.”
At last, every participant was given an opportunity to speak on what they have learned from the workshop. Some mentioned on how accountability can be used as a tool to promote development in a society as the government would be responsive to the needs of the people, while others spoke on the importance of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the society.